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We intend to build a storage and handling system for round bars. We plan to use a storage rack that will accommodate round steel bars at a height of 640 mm.
To aid loading and unloading, a truck guided on rails fitted into the floor will be integrated into the storage system. After loading, the truck will be brought into position and travel backwards onto a band saw located opposite the rack. Once sawn, the bars will once more be put into the trolley which will be brought back into position via the guardrail in order to return the bars to the appropriate section on the rack. The compartments and the trolley are provided with rollers to enable the material to be moved to and fro smoothly.
Which standards and regulations do we need to observe for this design?
What DIN Standards apply to footballs, and particularly footballs for children? Is certification necessary?
Footballs are not standardized. Standards deal with objects that are suitable for standardization. Standards are developed to safeguard people and products and to improve quality in all areas of life. This is the case, for example, with DIN EN 748, which specifies functional and safety-relevant requirements for football goals.
Products usually undergo the certification process if they comply with the requirements of a standard or EU directive. Certification of footballs ought not to be necessary, as these are the subject of neither a standard nor an EU directive. However, manfacturers do have the option of getting the material (such as leather) tested.
There is a FIFA quality mark according to which a football is deemed eligible if it meets certain conditions (e.g. if it made of leather and has a certain circumference). For this purpose, the balls are subjected to a rigorous test regime. FIFA designates the test marks for the footballs produced according to the minimum quality standards as being “International Match Standard” (IMS).
What are the requirements regarding the use of the terms “shall”, “should” and “could” in normative documents?
Verbal forms for the expression of provisions, such as “shall”, “should” and “can” are set out in DIN 820-2, Annex H, Tables H.1 to H.4. See also clause 6.6 of the same standard.
DIN 820-2 (2012-12)
Title: Standardization - Part 2: Presentation of documents
(ISO/IEC Directives – Part 2:2011, modified)
German and English version CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations – Part 3:2017
The document sets out the rules for the structure, drafting and presentation of documents intended as national, European or International Standards or specifications. The purpose of these rules is to ensure that such documents have as similar a structure as possible, irrespective of their technical content. The document gives guidance on presentation, but not on typography or layout.
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